COVID-19: General Information


What is 2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19)?

The Village of Wilmette is working with community partners to monitor the impact of the novel coronavirus (COVID 19). Coronavirus is a new respiratory virus identified in December 2019. Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses, that include the common cold to more serious diseases such as pneumonia.

COVID-19 is a new disease and the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) are still learning how it spreads, the severity of illness it causes, and to what extent it may spread in the United States. The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person including between people who are in close contact with one another (within about 6 feet) and through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.

COVID-19 has spread throughout the world, including the United States since it was detected. COVID-19 was declared a public health emergency for the U.S. on January 31 to aid the nation’s healthcare community in responding to the threat. The governor of Illinois issued a disaster proclamation on March 9 regarding COVID-19 that gives the state access to federal and state resources to combat the spread of this newly emerged virus. The World Health Organization announced March 11 that the spread of coronavirus qualifies as a global pandemic. The federal government issued an emergency declaration for COVID-19 on March 13. The Village President signed a Declaration of Local Disaster Public Health Emergency in Wilmette on March 17.  The Governor of Illinois issued a ‘Stay at Home’ order that goes into effect on Saturday March 21 at 5:00pm. At the March 24 Village Board meeting, Trustees adopted a resolution declaring an emergency affecting the public health and well being due to the outbreak of COVID-19 Virus. Most recently, the Governor of Illinois extended the ‘Stay at Home’ order through April 30.

CDC Fact Sheet

Share Facts about COVID-19


What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

People who get sick with COVID-19 develop mild to severe respiratory illness with symptoms including fever, cough, and difficulty breathing. Illness can begin 2 to 14 days after an exposure. Although this virus likely emerged from an animal source, it can also spread from person-to-person. Spread from one person to another is thought to occur mainly via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. Typically, with most respiratory viruses, people are thought to be most contagious when they are most symptomatic.

CDC Information on Symptoms of Coronavirus (COVID-19)


What are preventative measures that can be taken?

We ask for your continued partnership in preventing the spread of coronavirus by following these safety tips:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, especially before eating, after blowing your nose, coughing or sneezing and certainly if your commute includes public transit. If soap and water are not readily available, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer with at least 60% alcohol.
  • Put distance between yourself and other people, especially if COVID-19 is spreading in your community
  • Stay home when you are sick and avoid close contact with people who are sick.
  • Cover your cough or sneeze with a tissue, then throw the tissue in the trash.
  • Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces using a regular household cleaning spray or wipe.
Illustration: washing hands with soap and water Practice social distancing and stay away from anyone who is sick man in bed woman covering their mouth when coughing cleaning a counter
Clean your hands often Avoid close contact Stay home if you are sick Cover coughs and sneezes Clean and disinfect


What should I do if I am sick?

If you are sick and have also either recently traveled to a country with sustained community spread of COVID-19 or had close contact with someone diagnosed with COVID-19, please follow the below steps provided by the CDC and review the following Fact Sheet.

You can also direct all your COVID-19 questions to the Illinois Department of Public Health by calling 1-800-889-3931 or emailing

man in bed family separated on the phone with doctor don't share taking temperature
Stay home except to get medical care Separate yourself from other people in your household Call ahead before visiting your doctor Avoid sharing personal household items Monitor your symptoms


Note: This webpage will be updated and revised as necessary. This page was last updated April 2, 2020